There are many different prescription drugs for high blood pressure including vasodilators, alpha-blockers, beta-blockers, diuretics, etc. Each has a different way of working and different drugs may work for different people. You may need to try a variety before you find the right drug or combination of drugs suitable for you. Some examples of medication that your doctor may recommend are: enalapril (Vasotec), losartan (Cozaar), atenolol (Tenormin), and furosemide (Lasix).
Like many synthetic drugs, anti-hypertensive medication has a risk of causing side effects, which depend on the person as well as the type of drug being taken. These can include dizziness, nausea, stomach problems, fatigue, impotence, insomnia, loss of appetite, and low blood pressure among others. Always speak to your doctor if you are having problems.
Changes in lifestyle can be highly beneficial to anyone suffering from hypertension. Adopting a healthy and balanced diet is often the first crucial step - as is keeping up with a healthy and regular exercise routine. Alcohol and caffeine consumption should be kept to a minimum and salt intake should be dramatically reduced. Potassium intake should be increased as this lowers blood pressure so try eating more bananas, oranges, zucchini, and spinach as they are all good sources of potassium.
Lastly, excess weight or obesity should be addressed as it contributes to hypertension in several ways. These simple life changes can lower the blood pressure, and sometimes may be all that is needed, as well as improve overall response to blood pressure treatments.
There are many well known natural high blood pressure treatments that use herbal and homeopathic remedies. Conventional medicines usually treat the symptoms of high blood pressure, but seldom address the underlying causes. Naturopaths recognize that high blood pressure may be a sign or symptom of imbalance in the body and know that the best way to treat it is by a combination of lifestyle changes and natural remedies to remove the causes of the high blood pressure, rather than simply treating the symptoms.
One such example is Crataegus oxyacantha (Hawthorn) which is one of the most highly respected herbs used in natural high blood pressure treatments and has well-known cardio-protective properties. Others such as Passiflora incarnate, Viburnum opulus and Ginkgo biloba are also well known for their beneficial effects on lowering blood pressure and relaxing blood vessels. Natural diuretics such as Taraxacum officinale and Foeniculum vulgare are excellent alternatives to prescription diuretics as they can be equally effective without causing potassium loss – a side effect of prescription diuretics.