What is a Dyspepsia?
Dyspepsia, also known as indigestion or an upset stomach, is the medical term used to describe a burning or painful sensation in the upper abdomen. People are often heard saying that they have a sick feeling in the stomach or nervous stomach when they experience dyspepsia. Symptoms are usually as a result of overeating, eating too quickly or eating the incorrect food combinations.
These symptoms may also be a sign of an underlying intestinal problem such as a peptic ulcer, gastritis, chronic appendicitis or gallbladder diseases. Dyspepsia occurs because there may be a delay in the speed at which the stomach empties food into the duodenum (small intestine). Because of this the stomach becomes bloated with food which stimulates the production of acid. This in turn, irritates and pushes the stomach acid back up into the esophagus.
Diagnosing a Dyspepsia
To diagnose indigestion, your doctor must first rule out any underlying conditions such as acid reflux, gallstones or ulcers. It is important that you describe your symptoms as accurately as possible so that your doctor can identify and treat the problem.
Certain tests may be ordered to establish a diagnosis and they include:
- X-rays of the stomach or small intestine
- Endoscopy is a procedure where a flexible tube that contains a light and camera produces images of the stomach and intestines
Dyspeptic symptoms are extremely common in both men and women but tend to affect women more, particularly those aged between 16 and 60. Very often symptoms are so severe that people are unable to perform their daily activities. Stress, anxiety and depression can also exacerbate dyspeptic symptoms further and therefore it is very important to obtain the correct treatment.
Symptoms and signs of dyspepsia
What Causes a Dyspepsia?
Dyspepsia can be caused by a number of various things. Symptoms of dyspepsia may be due to underlying conditions of the digestive system.
Symptoms and signs of dyspepsia
Other factors that may contribute to dyspepsia
- Eating wrong combinations such as fried foods or spicy foods
- Eating too quickly
- Excessive smoking, caffeinated beverages and alcohol consumption
- Certain medications such as antibiotics and anti-inflammatories
- Emotional stress
Help for a Dyspepsia
Treatment of dyspepsia depends on whether it may be associated with an underlying digestion problem such as a gastric ulcer, peptic ulcer disease, or gallbladder disease. Most often, the medications prescribed can relieve symptoms.
Medications include antacids, acid-blocking medication such as H2-receptor blocks and antibiotics if you have an H.pylori infection. If your symptoms are mild or not related to a specific disorder, your doctor may recommend changes to your diet – eating small amounts of soft foods or liquids, avoiding greasy and spicy foods and eliminating all dairy products if you are lactose intolerant.
Natural herbs have been used for thousands of years to treat and prevent digestive irritation and discomfort. A combination of herbal ingredients are a therapeutic measure to cure indigestion and support liver and gallbladder functioning. Not only are they safe and gentle to use on the body, but also a far more suitable substitute to antacids.
Zingiber officinale (Ginger) is a wonderful herb, traditionally used in Chinese and Ayurvedic (Indian) medicine and is highly effective in relieving the symptoms of nausea, vomiting, indigestion, flatulence and dizziness.
Two well known herbs known as Foeniculum vulgare (fennel) and Mentha piperita (mint) have anti-inflammatory and anti-spasmodic that calms and soothes the digestive system. In addition, Pelargonium graveolens (stomach pain bush) is also an effective calmative and anti-spasmodic herb, reducing stomach cramps and pain.