Personality types are different from personality traits. In all probability, all of us may have heard of two types of personalities - introverts and extroverts. While the former is an inwardly directed temperament, the latter is an outgoing one. According to the trait theory, these two are part of a continuous dimension, and there are many people who actually fall somewhere in between the continuum.
Introversion and extroversion is further divided into:
- Sanguine - A super extrovert, the social type who will promise the world to make friends.
- Choleric - A dominant, strong and decisive personality that centers on getting things done by whatever means.
- Melancholy - An individual focused on assessment of positives and negatives, preparing lists, and general analysis.
- Phlegmatic - A neutral and indifferent type that borders on frustrating others at times.
Beyond that, there are subdivisions that are a blend of the above four types. The personality type classification has some aspects of the trait theory, as it tries to explain human behavior in terms of opposite characteristics. Examples of this are provided by personality types that are a combination of one each of introvert and extrovert types: for example, Melancholy-Choleric (MelChlor). MelChlor personality is one that is decisive as well as result-oriented, but due to the vital melancholy nature, is difficult to please. On the other hand, individuals falling under the Choleric-Melancholy (ChlorMel) type are industrious, competitive, forceful, and capable, combining verbal aggressiveness with care for detail.
Among all personality types, melancholy sets a high standard for itself, and battles the most with the emotion being felt. They are deeply thoughtful and prone to be exceptionally intellectual. Choleric, on the other hand, is a born leader, dynamic and has a strong urge to change things-- but tends to be bossy, arrogant and impatient. Melancholy looks for evidence to come to a conclusion, while choleric tends to go by self-opinion. Anger and hostility are the weaknesses of choleric personalities, as emotions in them are the least developed-- while a sanguine person is the most emotional of all.
Personality types are meant for understanding temperaments-- your own and of others. However, there is nothing positive or negative about them, because each has its pluses and minuses. Personality is what you make it to be. Education, socialization, siblings (or their absence) and relationship pressures are the primary factors that develop a typical personality type in an individual.
Since human behavior is a complex field where emotions play such an important role, it is difficult to compartmentalize personality. The same personality may behave differently in stress-free conditions versus under stress. A choleric may appear to be overly self-confident with a positive mental attitude, but may be unable to handle grief efficiently-- while a melancholy personality may do so with ease, despite the overt sadness.References: