Relationship between depression and blood pressure medication

Tess Thompson

Each and every one of us has the potential to fall prey to a mental illness like depression. The condition can be triggered by a specific event or extreme stress. The level of susceptibility of an individual depends on heredity and external factors, like the abuse of recreational drugs.

Patients with hypertension are at a higher risk for depression than those with normal blood pressure. It has also been noticed that controlling blood pressure for people who have been diagnosed with depression is difficult. Further, there are indications that suggest that certain hormonal changes in people with depression can activate high blood pressure.

There are many studies that point towards a definite link between blood pressure medication and depression. The correlation is a two way road. Depression that is not treated may lead to hypertension. The medications used to treat hypertension can cause depression. Therefore, it is necessary that patients suffering from depression be checked for hypertension and vice versa to enable better prescription therapy.

If certain symptoms occur within a short period of hypertension treatment, further investigation is required to assess whether the patient is undergoing depression as well. This list outlines the symptoms that could signal depression caused by hypertension treatment:

  • Change in sleeping patterns – insomnia or excessive sleep
  • Abnormal changes in weight
  • Intense and continued sadness
  • Aversion to social gatherings
  • Disinterest in pleasure activities
  • Irritability and anger
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Extreme pessimism
  • Emotional outbursts
  • Decrease in activity levels

Severe depression cannot be treated only by psychotherapy. In such cases, medication and counseling need to work simultaneously toward the overall treatment. Treating depression in such severe cases involves various aspects that need to be kept in mind during treatment:

  • Understanding of the particular type of depression - minor, major or bipolar
  • Deciding the choice of medication - antidepressants, mood elevators, stimulants or other drugs
  • Arriving at the correct dosage of medicine - by trial and error
  • Managing the side effects
  • Monitoring the effects of the medication constantly
  • Counseling the patient and aiding the process of rehabilitation
  • Managing discontinuation of medication
  • Treating withdrawal symptoms, if any

Treating severe depression without the aid of medicines can prove difficult. However, the conventional treatment can be augmented with natural remedies for depression. A healthy lifestyle, natural meditation, regular exercise, and a nutritional diet can aid in the process. Treating depression naturally through exercise, meditation, and yogic exercises can be very beneficial in controlling blood pressure, too.


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