Infants breathe through their nose until they reach an age of approximately two months. Any obstruction in the nasal passage can cause great discomfort and prevent the child from feeding or sleeping properly. The lack of oxygen also negatively affects the growth of the child. Parents should identify such a condition quickly and take corrective measures immediately to ensure their child is receiving an adequate supply of oxygen.
Some sort of a nasal obstruction is extremely common among newborns. This can result from a swelling in the nose or an accumulation of serous fluid. An inflammation caused by an accumulation of watery fluid in tissues and cells is called edema.
If the cause of blockage is due to an edema, a simple suction process can help in clearing the opening. The process of suction is a simple one in which a rubber bulb syringe is used, also called a nasal aspirator. First, press the rubber bulb to release the air. Then, insert the nozzle of the syringe into the nose. Release the bulb while holding it in place to allow for suctioning. Remove the syringe and squeeze it onto a tissue to empty to mucus. Repeat if necessary in both nostrils. Although the process is simple, it may need some steadfastness on the part of a mother who is undertaking this process for the first time.
There are other remedies that can be used to provide relief from an edema. One such home remedy is to ensure that the baby’s room is always moist. This can be done with the help of a humidifier. Care needs to be taken to keep the humidifier away from the crib to avoid the sheets from getting wet. Saline nasal drops will also loosen the mucus and restore proper respiration.
In very rare cases, like those of congenital anomalies, some babies are born with malformed nasal bones. These deformations cause obstructions in the normal process of breathing. Nasal stenosis can occur if the nasal cavity is too narrow to allow free passage of air.
Nasal stenosis is similar to spinal stenosis to the extent that both conditions are caused by a certain type of compression. In the case of nasal stenosis, the compression causes a blockage in the breathing passage; in spinal stenosis, the compression leads to a nerve being pressed. Spinal stenosis can be cured with the aid of sciatic nerve treatment procedures and sciatica alternative remedies, but treating nasal cavity stenosis required different therapies and treatments.
Nasal stenosis causes severe respiratory distress in babies since the amount of air that is inhaled is very minimal. This is an emergency situation and requires immediate surgical correction of the nasal passage. In most cases, the surgeon tries to enlarge the nasal passageway by inserting a stent to enable free passage of air through the nose. The stent is removed later in most cases. After the surgery, there is a possibility of recurrence. Regardless, nasal stenosis must be treated because the condition can lead to serious damage as a result of oxygen deprivation and can also be fatal.